The Science of Stile's Revision Resources: Metacognition

Metacognition is the second evidence-based learning strategy we’re exploring in the Science of Stile's Revision Resources blog series!

The Science of Stile's Revision Resources: Metacognition

By Kat Gentry, Special Projects Lead at Stile Education

What is metacognition?

Metacognition is thinking about and managing thinking. More broadly, metacognition involves students planning, directing, monitoring and reflecting upon their own learning.

How does metacognition work?

Metacognition helps students “drive their brain” and manage their own learning. A student who has strong metacognitive abilities will recognise when there is a gap between what they currently know and what they need to know. They’ll consider the best approaches to closing this gap and make a plan of attack. If they don’t stick to the plan, they’ll think about why that happened and consider obstacles in their way. In this way, metacognitive awareness leads to targeted revision and improved outcomes.

Examples of metacognition:

  • Asking students “what’s the best way to go about learning this?”
  • Planning when and where to study to optimise learning
  • Being aware of comprehension level and task performance
  • Evaluating the efficacy of one’s study strategies


  • Students not recognising when they don’t understand a concept
  • Students putting their tests in the bin as soon as they see the mark
  • Students exclusively studying with distracting friends

How Stile's revision resources embed metacognition:

  • Students can reflect on success criteria in the My Understanding section of the digital revision worksheets or Stile X booklet.
  • After students complete the Quiz section, they can correct themselves against the model answers in Stile. They can also rate their understanding on the tab next to each question. Encourage students to use these ratings to guide their study efforts.

Dive into the research

Want to learn more about Stile's revision resources?

Read the next blog in the Science of Stile's Revision Resources series: Spaced repetition here.